Yemen will finally launch its first oral cholera vaccination campaign, thanks to the assistance of global agencies including the World Health Organization. The campaign will hopefully push for millions of people in the region to receive cholera vaccine despite being in a war-torn nation.
If successful, the vaccination campaign can push to save more lives in the country, as more than 2,200 people have died because of the waterborne disease last 2017. There were also suspected cases of about 1-million across the country.
Lorenzo Pezzoli, a WHO cholera expert, said this is a historical moment, both for the WHO and Yemen. After all, this is the first time Yemen will use the vaccine that would hopefully help its citizens combat the deadly epidemic that had its roots back in 2016. This is also noteworthy, given how the United Nations has just described the conflict in the country as the “worst humanitarian crisis” in the world, especially with how the conflict in the nation can have a potentially-devastating effect to the population’s safety and health. In fact the conflict has also pushed the nation extremely close to the brink of famine, which could be close to unsolvable given how Yeme is also the poorest country among all Arab nations.
The first phase of the campaign will try to get more than 350,000 people in Aden equipped with the vaccine. Joint efforts from vaccine alliance Gavim, the World Bank, UNICEF, and WHO would hopefully speed up the process of vaccinating people in the area.
Cholera Threat Still On
The threat of cholera rages on, especially now that researches have deduced that 54-percent of Yemen’s districts could still be affected by an increase of affected persons at the start of the year. If unmitigated, this means as many as 13.8-million people are at risk from the deadly disease.
Cholera is known to cause deadly and severe diarrhea to the humans it infects. It’s normally contracted by ingesting water or food that has been contaminated with a kind of bacteria that resides within human feces. Cholera is rampant in areas with dirty drinking water and places with poor sanitation. Symptoms of cholera appear as quickly as two to three days after exposure, and may still carry the disease several months after they recover from the disease.
There’s no “medicine” for cholera, though treatment methods include things such as antibiotic treatment and rehydration therapy. This will hopefully restore lost salts and fluids, and likely reduce fluid requirements that would otherwise be affected by cholera. Perhaps the most important safeguard when treating cholera is making sure its victims are adequately rehydrated, given how the disease causes rapid dehydration.
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